What is Diabetes?
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Diabetes is the culmination of a number of medical disorders that results in problems with production of the hormone called ‘insulin’. Insulin is released in the stomach from the pancreas and helps to store and use fat and sugar in the body.
What causes Diabetes?
Diabetes mainly results due to these factors:
- Pancreas produce insufficient amount of insulin
- Pancreas do not produce any insulin
- When body acts abnormally to insulin (insulin resistance)
Diabetes is a chronic medical condition which cannot be cured completely. However, with advances in medical science there are effective and convenient ways to control this condition and enable patients to live a better life.
What are the Types of Diabetes and their Treatments?
Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is a chronic medical condition that affects the body’s ability to utilize the energy from food.
There are 3 types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes. This is most often seen developing in the childhood. This is an auto-immune condition and it results in the body assailing the pancreas with antibodies. This results in the pancreas being unable to produce insulin.
Type 1 diabetes is known to be caused in a person who is genetically predisposed (hereditary risk) to faulty insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. This condition, if left undiagnosed and uncontrolled for too long, may result in various other medical disorders, including vision problems (diabetic retinopathy), kidney problems (diabetic nephropathy) and nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy). Later stages of this condition also result in deterioration of the tiny blood vessels in the heart and brain, resulting in stroke and heart problems.
Treatment – Although there is no complete cure for this condition as it is an auto-immune problem this condition can be successfully controlled by regular artificial insulin intake to maintain the lowered/absent natural insulin levels in the body.
Today, with innovative medical science, type 1 diabetes patients can easily inject insulin, using:
- Syringes – Thin and light-weight disposable syringes, these were popular as the choice of treatment for majority of diabetic patients earlier.
- Insulin Pens – These are specially designed subcutaneous injections that look like writing pens. These have very fine needle sets and pre-filled cartridges. The Insulin Pens allow users to set the dosage and simply click on the top-button, just like a pen, to administer the insulin.
- Jet Injectors – The Jet Injectors for insulin are needle-free insulin administrating devices. These use high-pressured powerful spurt of air to push the insulin, similarly to a spray, under the skin.
- Insulin Pumps – These are portable automatic devices that can be easily programmed to deliver pre-set amounts of insulin directly into the stomach at specified times. The device is attached with a surgical tube that goes under the skin of the abdomen to administer insulin effectively.
Type 2 Diabetes
This is the more common type of diabetes and accounts for almost 95% of adult diabetes cases. Although, earlier it used to be most prominent among adults, it is being increasingly seen lately among obese teenagers and overweight children. Type 2 diabetes is a non-insulin-dependent diabetes.
This is mostly a milder form of type 1 diabetes but can still result in serious health and medical complications. This type of diabetes starts to affect the tiny blood vessels, usually inside the eyes, kidneys and nerves. These small blood vessels serve to nourish these organs with sufficient and regular blood supply for healthy functioning. Type 2 diabetes is also known to increase the risk of stroke and heart disease.
In this type of diabetes, the pancreas are seen producing insulin, however, either the amount produced is not sufficient for the body’s requirements of the cells of the body become immune to its effects. This resistance to insulin starts mainly in the muscle, fat and liver cells.
Treatment – Type 2 diabetes cannot be cured and artificial insulin administration is also pointless if the body itself is resistant to insulin effects. Hence doctors will advise:
- Weight management – As this type of diabetes is almost always seen connected to obesity, the controlling of weight can help to reduce the progress of the disease as well as other medical disorders known to be caused by overweight.
- Nutrition – Type 2 diabetic patients need to carefully regulate their diet and food intake. Preparing a schedule as advised by a nutrition specialist or the advice of the doctor can help to control the condition in a better way.
- Exercise – Regular exercise in always advised by doctors, physicians and other health professionals for an overall healthy body. Exercising for type 2 diabetic patients becomes more important as it helps to lose excess weight faster and also regulate the functions of other organs better.
Gestational diabetes, as the name suggests, develops during pregnancy. There are several changes taking place in the woman’s body when she gets pregnant. One of the effects, at times, is the development of resistance of the body to insulin.
Gestational diabetes is mostly noticed in the 2nd or 3rd trimester (between 4-9 months) of the pregnancy. As the mother’s blood sugar levels are also connected to the normal and healthy development of the baby, it is important to diagnose and control gestational diabetes better to ensure healthy development of the baby inside the womb.
Treatment – The treatments for gestational diabetes may include:
- Nutritious diet – to prevent fat and excess calories during the pregnancy, in the body.
- Daily exercise – the doctor will advise on the suitable physical exercises that ensure healthy functioning of the body.
- Weight management – pregnancy tends to bring additional body weight with it, however there is an important need to control this and prevent development of excess body weight during or after the pregnancy.
- Artificial insulin – some cases of gestational diabetes that are more severe comparatively will be advised to be controlled using prescribed doses of insulin injections to control the blood sugar levels.
Why choose Widestate Medicare for Diabetes treatment and care?
Widestate Medicare operated its medical tourism service for patients from all across the globe. The company is engaged in providing the most efficient, convenient and best-suited travelling and medical treatment assistance services since many years now. With WideState, every patient is ensured of the highest quality of treatment and globally-accredited hospitals at various popular international tourism destinations, including Thailand, Malaysia, Turkey, Indian and Dubai to name a few. WideState aims to provide the best medical tourism service for effective and affordable diabetes treatment for each patient.
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